Periodontal Disease: Everything You Need to Know

Periodontal Disease: Everything You Need to Know

Do you have bleeding, tender, swollen, and painful gums? You could have gum disease. Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums that affect the tissue and bones.

The mouth contains a colony of bacteria that breaks down food, especially sugar, and that’s a normal occurrence. But, the process can produce acid as well as a sticky film that accumulates in your enamel. You can remove the plaque through brushing and flossing. However, failure to clean the teeth properly may lead to tartar buildup. It is the calculus that attacks the gums and leads to gum inflammation. Gum irritation is preventable, but if left untreated, it could lead to periodontal disease.

If your gums regularly bleed, you may have early signs of gum disease, and here is what you need to know.

1. Gum Disease Occurs in Stages

Although often used interchangeably, gingivitis, and periodontitis, are different though they represent the same disease.

Gingivitis is the first stage and a mild form of gum disease that is characterized by gum inflammation. Gingivitis symptoms are subtle, and most people don’t realize they have it. Furthermore, the symptoms can clear with a change in oral hygiene. The gum infection, however, can progress to periodontitis if left untreated.

Gingivitis symptoms include:

  • Tender, swollen, and receding gums
  • Gums that bleed after brushing or flossing
  • Dark red gums

Periodontitis is an advanced stage that causes the gums to detach from the teeth due to bacteria accumulation. The diseases affect the s surrounding soft tissues and bone that support the teeth. Without proper treatment, periodontitis causes the alveolar bone to recede and weaken the teeth.

In advance cases, gum disease can cause teeth loss.

Periodontitis symptoms include:

  • Gums that regularly bleed
  • Continual bad breath
  • Pain when chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • Receding gums

2. A Few Factors Can Predispose You to Gum Disease

Although anyone can suffer from gum inflammation, some people are at a higher risk of getting gum disease than others. Obesity, smoking, vitamin C deficiency, and genetics can increase your risk.

3. Plaques Are Not the Only Cause of Gum Disease

Plaque accumulation is the primary cause of periodontal disease. Improper brushing skills can cause a sticky film to buildup, harden, and lead to bacterial growth. Bacteria attack the gum and trigger inflammation. Other causes of periodontal disease include:

  • Hormonal changes, especially during the monthly menstruation and pregnancy, increase gum sensitivity which can cause gingivitis to develop
  • A compromised immune system raises your risk of developing infections
  • Medication that decreases the flow of saliva can lead to bacterial growth

4. Gum Disease is Treatable

Periodontal disease is treatable with a few techniques. At Anne Chee, DDS clinic, we strive to promote the reattachment of gums, reduce the depth of the gum pockets, and stop the progression of the infection.

The first form of treatment is scaling and root planning that removes the tartar and reattaching the gums. The dentist may also prescribe antibiotics to control the infection.

In advanced cases, surgery may be recommended to save your teeth. Surgery such as bone and soft tissue can be done to stimulate gum and bone growth.

Tooth extraction is only done if the teeth and gums are severely damaged. Teeth extraction is a restorative procedure that affects your dental structure. Once the teeth are removed, you will need cosmetic treatments to replace the teeth.

5. You Can Prevent Periodontal Disease

Proper dental care and hygiene is the sure-fire way of preventing gum disease. Regular brushing and flossing after eating will prevent the accumulation of food particles.

Don’t forget to have regular dental visits at least twice a year for a dental checkup, assessment, and professional cleaning. Dental cleanings are important as the dentist can remove plaque build. Remember oftentimes; you may not brush certain corners of the mouth, thereby creating the need for cleaning.

Additionally, avoid smoking, reduce stress, maintain a proper lifestyle, avoid grinding, and clenching the teeth to preserve the structure and gum health.

Come for Treatment

If you have painful, tender, and bleeding gums, come for an assessment. Dr. Anne Chee will guide you through the different treatments based on the stage of the gum disease.

713-789-9800 Book Appointment